Category «Ecology»

Download E-books A Simple Path to Sustainability: Green Business Strategies for Small and Medium-Sized Businesses PDF

With unequaled perception, enterprise specialists profile 12 amazing, sustainable, small- to medium-sized organisations and clarify how their eco-friendly concepts and techniques have helped them succeed.

• Case histories of small to medium-size organizations in industries from production to overall healthiness care, banking/investing, and recycling detailing their trips to sustainability and environmental stewardship

• A "Lessons discovered" field in each one chapter

• Sidebars with guidance and examples that may be utilized by any kind of business

• A reference bibliography on the finish of every chapter

• A glossary

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Download E-books Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago PDF

By Martin L. Cody

This thorough and meticulous learn, the results of approximately a quarter-century of analysis, examines the island biogeography of vegetation on continental islands in Barkley Sound, British Columbia. worthwhile either due to its geographical environment and due to the length of the examine, Plants on Islands summarizes the range, dynamics, and distribution of the nearly 300 species of crops on greater than 2 hundred islands. Martin Cody makes use of his large information set to check a number of elements of island biogeographic thought. His considerate research, restricted by way of taxon and zone, elucidates and complements the certainty of the biogeographic styles and dynamics. He offers an summary of the elemental thought, innovations, and analytical instruments of island biogeography. additionally mentioned are island rest to decrease equilibrium species numbers post-isolation, plant distributions variously constrained by means of island region, isolation and climatic adjustments, edition to neighborhood abiotic and biotic environments inside of islands, and the evolution of alternative island phenotypes. The booklet concludes with a useful attention of equilibrium ideas and of the interaction of coexistence and pageant. bound to problem, Plants on Islands is one of the first books to significantly examine the imperative tenets of the speculation of island biogeography.

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Download E-books Wood Structure and Environment (Springer Series in Wood Science) PDF

By Fritz Hans Schweingruber

The first goal of wooden constitution and atmosphere is to bare the hidden ecological richness in stems and roots from timber, shrubs and herbs. The specific, lucid textual content will motivate researchers to think about the anatomic microcosm of wooden crops and use it as a retrospective resource of knowledge, fixing difficulties regarding ecophysiology, festival, website stipulations, inhabitants biology, earth technology, wooden caliber or even human heritage.

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Download E-books Ecology, Writing Theory, and New Media: Writing Ecology PDF

Moving past ecocomposition, this e-book galvanizes conversations in ecology and writing now not with an eye fixed towards homogenization, yet with an time table of firmly developing the importance of writing examine that intersects with ecology. It appears to be like to set up ecological writing stories not only as a sound or vital kind of writing examine, yet as paramount to the way forward for writing reviews and writing concept. advanced ecologies, writing reviews, and new-media/post-media converge to focus on community theories, structures theories, and posthumanist theories as important within the shaping of writing thought, and this research embraces paintings in those parts as necessary to the improvement of ecological theories of writing. individuals handle ecological theories of writing in terms of varied and promising avenues, united by way of the underlying dedication to raised know the way ecological methodologies may also help greater tell our figuring out of writing and may galvanize new theories of writing. Ecology, Writing conception, and New Media fuels destiny theoretical conversations approximately ecology and writing and should be of curiosity to those that have an interest in theories of writing and the functionality of writing.

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Download E-books Geopolitics and the Green Revolution: Wheat, Genes, and the Cold War PDF

By John H. Perkins

Over the past a hundred years, the global yields of cereal grains, reminiscent of wheat and rice, have elevated dramatically. because the Nineteen Fifties, advancements in plant breeding technology were heralded as a "Green Revolution" in smooth agriculture. yet what components have enabled and promoted those technical alterations? And what are the results for the way forward for agriculture? This new booklet makes use of a framework of political ecology and environmental background to discover the "Green Revolution's" emergence throughout the twentieth century within the usa, Mexico, India, and Britain. It argues that the nationwide defense making plans efforts of every kingdom have been an important forces selling the improvement and unfold of the "Green Revolution"; while seen within the higher scheme, this era will be noticeable because the most up-to-date bankruptcy within the lengthy background of wheat use between people, which dates again to the neolithic revolution. Efforts to reform agriculture and mitigate the various harsh environmental and social results of the "Green Revolution" have often been insensitive to the deeply embedded nature of excessive yielding agriculture in human ecology and affairs of state. this significant perception demanding situations these fascinated by agriculture reform to make productiveness either sustainable and sufficient for a transforming into human population.

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Download E-books Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation (Studies in Avian Biology, Volume 45) PDF

Now that greater than 1/2 the world’s inhabitants lives in towns, the learn of birds in city ecosystems has emerged on the vanguard of ornithological study. a global workforce of prime researchers in city fowl ecology and conservation from throughout Europe and North the USA provides the nation of this assorted box, addressing vintage questions whereas featuring new instructions for additional research. parts of specific concentration comprise the procedures underlying styles of species shifts alongside urban-rural gradients, the demography of city birds and the position of citizen technology, and human-avian interplay in city parts. this crucial reference fills an important desire for scientists, planners, and bosses of city areas and all these drawn to the research and conservation of birds within the world’s increasing metropolises.

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Download E-books The Wealth of Nature: Economics as if Survival Mattered PDF

By John Michael Greer

The Wealth of Nature proposes a brand new version of economics in accordance with the fundamental price of ecology. development at the foundations of E. F. Schumacher's innovative "economics as though humans mattered," this publication examines the real fee of complicated cash with wealth. via studying the blunders of up to date economics, it indicates how an financial system founded on usual capital—the uncooked fabrics that help human life—can circulation our society towards a extra effective courting with the planet that sustains us all.

The Wealth of Nature indicates public coverage tasks and private offerings that could aid alleviate the industrial effect of top Oil. those options needs to handle not just monetary issues, however the problems with source depletion and pollutants besides. Examples include:

  • Adjusting tax coverage to penalize using common nonrenewable assets over recycled materials
  • Placing public welfare above company interests
  • Empowering contributors, households, and groups through prioritizing neighborhood, sustainable solutions
  • Building economies at a suitable scale

Profoundly insightful and impeccably argued, this e-book is needed interpreting for a person drawn to the intersection of our environment and the financial system as we input the twilight of the Age of Abundance.

John Michael Greer is a pupil of ecological heritage, an award-winning writer, and an across the world popular top oil theorist whose weblog The Archdruid document has turn into probably the most extensively pointed out on-line assets facing the way forward for business society.

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Download E-books Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary PDF

By James G. Harris

Plant id employs an intensive and intricate terminology. expert botanists usually desire numerous years within the box to grasp this terminology, and it provides a frightening difficulty to the scholar of botany.

The which means of so much botanical phrases, although, is instantly obvious whilst an indication is accessible. that's the goal of this quantity. Plant identity Terminology presents over nineteen hundred transparent illustrations of phrases utilized in plant id keys and outlines. it is also definitions for greater than twenty-seven hundred taxonomic terms.

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Download E-books Plant Physiological Ecology PDF

Field 9E. 1 persevered determine 2. The C–S–R triangle version (Grime 1979). The ideas on the 3 corners are C, competiti- successful species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. specific species can have interaction in any mix of those 3 basic techniques, and the m- ture is defined through their place in the triangle. remark in brief on another dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see additionally Sects. 6. 1 usually are not but so good understood. and six. three of bankruptcy 7 on development and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C―S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) displays model to favorable vs. damaging websites for plant development, and an R- 5 features which are coordinated throughout species are axis (Ruderal species) displays variation to leaf mass consistent with quarter (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. focus, and strength photosynthesis and darkish breathing on a mass foundation. within the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga unmarried major axis (Fig. 33 of bankruptcy 2A on picture- a up to date development in plant procedure considering has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that's, spectra of varia- LMA are likely to have brief leaf life-spans, excessive leaf tion with admire to measurable qualities. in comparison nutrient concentrations, and excessive power premiums of mass-based photosynthesis. those species with classification schemes, comparable to Raunkiaer’s, trait take place on the ‘‘quick-return’’ finish of the leaf e- dimensions have the benefit of shooting cont- nomics spectrum.

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Download E-books Silviculture in the Tropics (Tropical Forestry) PDF

This booklet integrates the most recent international advancements in forestry technological know-how and perform and their relevance for the sustainable administration of tropical forests. The impression of social dimensions at the improvement of silvicultural ideas is one other highlight. Ecology and silvicultural techniques shape all tropical continents, and woodland formations from dry to wet forests and from lowland to mountain forests are lined. overview chapters which advisor readers via this advanced topic combine quite a few illustrative and quantitative case reports by way of specialists from worldwide. at the foundation of a cross-sectional overview of the case stories provided, the authors recommend attainable silvicultural contributions in the direction of sustainability in a altering global. The publication is addressed to a huge readership from forestry and environmental disciplines.

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