Category «Europe»

Download E-books The Paths of History PDF

This can be a wide and impressive examine of the full background of humanity that takes as its element of departure Marx's idea of social evolution. Professor Diakonoff's thought of worldwide background differs from Marx's in a few methods. First, he has extended Marx's 5 phases of improvement to 8. moment, he denies that social evolution inevitably implies growth and indicates how "each development is at the same time a regress," and 3rd, he demonstrates that the transition from one degree to a different isn't inevitably marked by means of social clash and that typically this can be completed peacefully and gracefully. because the e-book strikes via those numerous levels, the reader is drawn right into a extraordinary and thought-provoking learn of the method of the background of the human race that makes a speciality of the wide variety of things (economic, social, military-technological, and socio-pyschological) that experience motivated our improvement from palaeolithic occasions to the current day.

Show description

Download E-books Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World PDF

By John Freely

Aladdin’s Lamp is the interesting tale of the way historic Greek philosophy and technological know-how started within the 6th century B.C. and, throughout the subsequent millennium, unfold around the Greco-Roman global, generating the notable discoveries and theories of Thales, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, and so forth. John Freely explains how, because the darkish a while shrouded Europe, students in medieval Baghdad translated the works of those Greek thinkers into Arabic, spreading their rules through the Islamic global from imperative Asia to Spain, with many Muslim scientists, so much particularly Avicenna, Alhazen, and Averroës, including their very own interpretations to the philosophy and technology they'd inherited. Freely is going directly to convey how, starting within the 12th century, those texts through Islamic students have been then translated from Arabic into Latin, sparking the emergence of contemporary technological know-how on the sunrise of the Renaissance, which climaxed within the medical Revolution of the 17th century.

Here is early technological know-how in all its glory, from Pythagorean “celestial concord” to the sun-centered planetary thought of Copernicus, who, in 1543, aided by way of the mathematical tools of medieval Arabic astronomers, revived an idea proposed through the Greek astronomer Aristarchus a few eighteen centuries ahead of. whilst Newton laid the principles of contemporary technology, construction at the paintings of Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, and others, he stated that he was once “standing at the sholders [sic] of Giants,” touching on his predecessors in historic Greece and within the Arabic and Latin worlds from the center a long time during the Renaissance.

Caliph Harun al-Rashid used to be one of many Muslim rulers who first promoted translating Greek texts into Arabic. His Baghdad is the surroundings for The Thousand and One Nights, within which Scheherazades’s “Tale of Aladdin and His Magic Lamp” displays the marvels of the recent technological know-how and the fantastic innovations it was once stated to supply. John Freely’s Aladdin’s Lamp returns us to that point and brings to mild a vital and long-overlooked bankruptcy within the background of technology.

Show description

Download E-books The Rotten Heart of Europe: The Dirty War for Europe's Money PDF

By Bernard Connolly

"The Brussels fee has simply suspended its senior economist, Bernard Connolly, for writing a booklet savaging the customers for a standard foreign money. there are various who now think he could be lauded as a prophet." (Observer, Editorial, 1 October 1995). "Mr. Connolly's longstanding proposition that the foisting of a typical forex upon such a lot of disparate international locations could result in spoil is getting a much broader hearing...". (New York instances, terrorist organization 2011). whilst first released in 1995, The Rotten middle of Europe triggered outrage and pleasure - the following used to be a Brussels insider, a senior ecu economist, bold to speak overtly concerning the most likely pitfalls of eu financial union. Bernard Connolly misplaced his activity on the fee, yet his booklet was once greeted as a profound and persuasive divulge of the would-be 'monetary masters of the world.' His courageous act of defiance turned headline information - and his booklet an important overseas bestseller. In a considerable new advent, Connolly returns to his prophetic account of the double-talk surrounding the efforts of politicians, bankers and bureaucrats to strength Europe right into a crippling financial straitjacket. Hidden agendas are laid naked, skulduggery uncovered and fiscal fallacies are skewered, generating a frightening end. nobody who desires to comprehend the workings of the ecu, prior, current and destiny can come up with the money for to overlook this spell binding and deeply irritating publication.

Show description

Download E-books Varieties of Right-Wing Extremism in Europe (Extremism and Democracy) PDF

Beginning with an research of the complicated dating among fascism and the post-war severe correct, the publication discusses either modern events and the cultural and highbrow impacts of the eu New correct in addition to styles of socialization and mobilization. It then analyses the results of a number components at the ideological improvement of right-wing extremism together with anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, spiritual extremism and the method in the direction of Europe (and the ecu Union).The ultimate sections examine a couple of activist manifestations of the intense correct from formative years participation and the white strength tune scene to transnational rallies, the web and soccer hooliganism. within the technique, the ebook questions the inspiration that the modern severe correct is both thoroughly novel or absolutely populist in personality.

Drawing jointly a variety of participants, this is often crucial interpreting for all people with an curiosity in modern extremism and fascism. The booklet is a better half quantity to Mapping the intense correct (Routledge, 2012) which has an identical editors.

Show description

Download E-books Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia PDF

From women's drugs and the writings of Christine de Pizan to the lives of industry and tradeswomen and the idealization of virginity, gender and social prestige dictated all points of women's lives throughout the center a long time.

A cross-disciplinary source, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe examines the day-by-day fact of medieval ladies from all walks of lifestyles in Europe among 450 CE and 1500 CE, i.e., from the autumn of the Roman Empire to the invention of the Americas. relocating past biographies of well-known noble girls of the middles a while, the scope of this crucial reference paintings is great and gives a entire knowing of medieval women's lives and reports. Masculinity within the heart a while is additionally addressed to supply vital context for realizing women's roles. Entries that variety from 250 phrases to 4,500 phrases in size completely discover issues within the following components:

· artwork and Architecture
· international locations, geographical regions, and Regions
· day-by-day Life
· Documentary Sources
· Economics
· schooling and Learning
· Gender and Sexuality
· Historiography
· Law
· Literature
· drugs and Science
· track and Dance
· Persons
· Philosophy
· Politics
· Political Figures
· faith and Theology
· spiritual Figures
· Social association and Status

Written by way of well known overseas students, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe is the most recent within the Routledge Encyclopedias of the center Ages. simply available in an A-to-Z layout, scholars, researchers, and students will locate this striking reference paintings to be a useful source on ladies in Medieval Europe.

Show description

Download E-books No Place to Call Home: Inside the Real Lives of Gypsies and Travellers PDF

By Katharine Quarmby

They are reviled. for hundreds of years the Roma have wandered Europe; in the course of the Holocaust part 1000000 have been killed. After international struggle II and through the concerns, a wave of Irish guests moved to England to construct a greater, more secure existence. they discovered locations to settle down—but then, as Occupy used to be taking on Wall highway and London, the vocal Dale Farm neighborhood used to be evicted from their land. Many didn't depart their houses quietly; they submit a legal—and every now and then physical—fight.

Katharine Quarmby, an award-winning journalist who has suggested on Gypsies and guests in The Economist for the earlier seven years, takes us into the warmth of the conflict, following the Sheridan, McCarthy, Burton and Townsley households ahead of and after the eviction, from Dale Farm to Meriden, within the middle of britain, and different hassle spots. according to unique entry and wealthy old examine, No position to name Home is a deeply relocating and attractive narrative of long-sought justice.

Show description

Download E-books The Last Alchemist: Count Cagliostro, Master of Magic in the Age of Reason PDF

By Iain McCalman

Freemason ... Shaman ... Prophet ... Seducer ... Swindler ... Thief ... Heretic

Who used to be the mysterious count number Cagliostro?

Depending on whom you ask, he was once both an outstanding healer or a perilous charlatan. the world over acclaimed historian Iain McCalman records how Cagliostro crossed paths -- and sometimes swords -- with the likes of Catherine the nice, Marie Antoinette, and Pope Pius VI. He used to be a muse to William Blake and the muse for either Mozart's Magic Flute and Goethe's Faust. Louis XVI had him thrown into the Bastille for his alleged involvement in what might end up often called "the affair of the necklace." but in London, Warsaw, and St. Petersburg, he verified "healing clinics" for the poorest of the bad, and his dexterity within the worlds of alchemy and spiritualism received him acclaim one of the the Aristocracy throughout Europe.

Also the chief of an unique model of Freemasonry, count number Cagliostro was once unquestionably some of the most influential and infamous figures of the latter eighteenth century, overcoming poverty and an ignoble beginning to develop into the darling -- and bane -- of upper-crust Europe.

Show description

Download E-books The New Old World PDF

By Perry Anderson

The New previous World seems to be on the heritage of the eu Union, the middle continental nations inside it, and the problem of its extra growth into Asia. It opens with a attention of the origins and results of eu integration because the moment international conflict, and the way today’s european has been theorized throughout more than a few modern disciplines. It then strikes to extra particular debts of political and cultural advancements within the 3 central states of the unique universal Market—France, Germany and Italy. a 3rd part explores the interrelated histories of Cyprus and Turkey that pose a number one geopolitical problem to the neighborhood. The publication ends via tracing principles of ecu cohesion from the Enlightenment to the current, and their touching on the way forward for the Union. The New previous World bargains a severe portrait of a continent now more and more hailed as an ethical and political instance to the realm at huge.

Show description

Download E-books The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-1999 PDF

By Alastair Finlan

In 1991, an ethnically different zone that had loved a long time of peaceable coexistence descended into sour hatred and chaos, nearly in a single day. groups fractured alongside traces of ethnic and spiritual association and the resultant battling used to be deeply own, leading to brutality, rape and torture, and finally the deaths of millions of individuals. This ebook examines the interior upheavals of the previous Yugoslavia and their overseas implications, together with the failure of the Vance-Owen plan; the 1st use of NATO in a strive against position and in peace enforcement; and the battle in Kosovo, unsanctioned by means of the UN yet prosecuted via NATO forces to avoid the ethnic detoxification of the zone.

Show description

Download E-books The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789 PDF

By Frank Tallett

The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of recent eu heritage because 1789 is an authoritative and available reference advisor to the main humans, occasions, and matters that experience formed the improvement of Europe from the French Revolution to the current day.

  • Features nearly 1000 alphabetical entries on smooth ecu history
  • Offers huge cross-references to reinforce readability and show historic hyperlinks and connections, and a series of maps charting the evolution of recent eu states
  • Covers the full of continental Europe, in addition to appropriate features of the British experience
  • Written by means of a trio of exotic historians of the period

Show description